Media sources indicate that police arrested suspects in about ten of the incidents of violence listed in Section 4 Daily Trust 7 May 2009; Vanguard 18 Sept. Simon Ebegbulem and Gabriel Enogholase. Emmanuel Nzomiwu and Femi Ogbonnikan. The Potential for Peace and Reconciliation in the Niger Delta. Correspondence from a representative to the Research Directorate.
However, sources point out that Rivers State enacted the Secret Cult and Similar Activities Prohibition Law in 2004 Vanguard 19 Aug. The Edo state Police Commissioner reportedly also said that police are facing a shortage of patrol vehicles, adding that no divisional operational department has more than one police vehicle ibid. On 27 July 2011, 3 people were killed during a clash between the Black Axe confraternity and the Eiye confraternity in Ikorodu Daily Independent 1 Aug. According to Vanguard, a Lagos-based newspaper, the Edo state Police Public Relations Officer indicated that generally, cult activities are secretive 24 Jan. Tunji Omofoye Osogbo and Alemma-Ozioruva Aliu.
On 11 August 2011, Vanguard reported that a clash between the Black Axe confraternity and the Mafite cult resulted in the death of two Delta State University students, with unconfirmed sources indicating that five people were killed. Internet sites, including: Amnesty International; ecoi. Anolu Vincent and Bassey Inyang. Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints.
Please find below the list of sources consulted in researching this Information Request. Youth Militias, Self Determination and Resource Control Struggles in the Niger-delta Region of Nigeria. They are however known to attack anti-cult campaigners through clandestine intimidation and physical attacks. Black Axe Confraternity Recruitment A 2007 Human Rights Watch report indicated that the Black Axe confraternity forcibly recruits new members Oct. Vanguard also indicates that in 2009 a University of Abuja Black Axe member was arrested for attempted kidnapping of two ministers for ransom 18 Sept.
Patience Ogbodo and Simon Ebegbulem. Background Sources indicate that the Black Axe confraternity is a cult Leadership 27 July 2012; Vanguard 27 July 2012; Coventry Cathedral Feb. Black Axe Confraternity's Connection to Officials Sources indicate that clashes between the Black Axe and Aiye confraternities in Benin City are related to the sharing of money that has been given to these cults by politicians Leadership 27 July 2012; Vanguard 27 July 2012. Wisdom Patrick, Onoja Audu and Segun Adeleye. Leadership also indicates that rival cults clashed almost daily in January and February 2011, and reports on the death of six people 21 Feb. State Protection According to the National Universities Commission, the federal government has asked the heads of tertiary institutions to take measures to curb cult violence on campuses, including: sanctioning apprehended student cultists, conducting media sensitization campaigns, creating aggressive public campaigns and increasing advocacy efforts Nigeria 22 Sept.
Osaghae, Augustine Ikelegbe, Omobolaji O. . Emma Amaize and Bulou Kosin. Alemma-Ozioruva Aliu and Michael Egbejule. According to Coventry Cathedral, a Church of England's place of worship that has existed for over 1,000 years ibid. In March 2009, the son of the Chairman of Ovia South West local government council was abducted by people suspected of being cult members The Nation 16 Mar. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim for refugee protection.
Information on rituals, oaths of secrecy, and use of symbols or particular signs of the Black Axe confraternity could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. Black Axe Confraternity Cult Violence by State On 22 September 2008, the Nigerian Ministry of Education indicated that there has been an upsurge of cult-related violence in tertiary institutions across Nigeria Nigeria 22 Sept. The child was released in exchange for ransom The Nation 16 Mar. Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. Information on whether some Black Axe members were charged or sentenced for acts of violence could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate. Further information on whether this was implemented could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. .
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